Georgian philologist, historian and politician
Guram Sharadze was born on October 17, 1940 in a village Gurianta, Ozurgeti (Makharadze) region, Georgia.
In 1958 he successfully finished No 3 secondary school in Makharadze. The same year he was enrolled in Tbilisi State University, Department of Philology and after its graduation with honors in 1963 he was enrolled in the postgraduate courses of Shota Rustaveli Institute of Georgian Literature of Academy of Sciences of Georgia, specialty: old Georgian Literature and Rustvelology.
In 1966 he successfully defended the thesis for gaining scientific degree of a candidate of philological sciences, and in 1975 – he became a doctor of philology and professor.
In 1967 he started activity at the Tbilisi State University and from 1968-2007 he works at the Shota Rustaveli Institute of Georgian Literature, first as a scientific worker and scientific secretary of the Institute then as a scientific worker and scientific secretary of the Institute then as a head of Department of Literary Relations.
In 1991-92 he was a director of the G.Leonidze State Museum of Georgian Literature of Georgia and from 1994 he was a director of the Museum of Georgian Emigration founded by him at the Tbilisi State University.
In 1997 Guram Sharadze becomes the associate a member of Academy of Sciences of Georgia. Simultaneously he is the academician of the Academy of History of Literature of Georgia, Academy of Sciences of Abkhazia and several academies of literature, member of the Union of Writers of Georgia, Union of Journalists of Georgia and the National Council of Paris.
He leads intense social-political activity. For years he has been a president of Georgian-Hungarian Society for Friendship and Cultural Relations. He was the vice-president of All-Georgian World Congress as well as the chairman of the society of All-Georgian named after Ivane Machabeli.
Sharadze was involved in the anti-Soviet Georgian national movement in the late 1980s and was closely associated with Zviad Gamsakhurdia who became, in 1991, the first elected President of Georgia. After Gamsakhurdia’s ouster in the 1992 coup d’etat, Sharadze was in opposition to Eduard Shevardnadze’s government.
In 1995 he becomes a member of the Parliament of Georgia and the chairman of the Parliament Committee for Immigration and Compatriots Living in Foreign Countries. It was namely at his direct leadership that in 1996-1997 national archives was returned back to Georgia from Paris and Harvard. In 1999 he was repeatedly elected to the Parliament of Georgia, as its member and the chairman of the Parliament Committee for the affairs of compatriots residing abroad and for the return of the national heritage existing in foreign countries.
In 2001 Sharadze founded the nationalist movement “Ena, Mamuli, Sartsmunoeba” (“Language, Homeland, Religion”).
Sharadze was granted the title of the laureate of state premium of Georgia, state premium named after Niko Berdzenishvili and that of Memed Abashidze. He was awarded the Vakthtang Gorgasali order and gold medal of Republic of Hungary -“For the Defense of Interests of Hungary All Over the World”.
On May 20, 2007 Guram Sharadze was assassinated in downtown Tbilisi.
Guram Sharadze was the author of some dozens of books and studies in Georgian and foreign languages, published in Georgia and abroad.
Some of main works:
Life and Activity of Theimuraz Bagrationi (monograph, 3 volumes), Tb., 1972-1974;
Archaeological Researches, Tb., 1973;
Mikhai Zichi an Georgian Culture, Tb., 1978;
Platon Ioseliani – Rustvelologist, Tb., 1980;
Bella Vicar – Translator of the “Knight in the Panther’s Skin” into Hungarian, Tb., 1981;
David Chubinishvili – Rustvelologist, Tb., 1982;
Miclosh Kish Totfalush and Georgian Printing House, Tb., 1982;
Mary Brosse and the “Knight in the Panther’s Skin”, Tb., 1983;
Treasury of Happiness and Charity (Wardrops and Georgia), Tb., 1984;
Georgian Sun and Love on the Isle of Albion, Tb., 1986;
From Peter the Great to Lev Tolstoi, Tb., 1986;
Ilia Chavchavadze, Life and Activity (monograph in 2 volumes), Tb., 1987-1990;
Under the Foreign Sun (history of Georgian emigration) (in three volumes), Tb., 1991-1993;
Memed Abashidze, Tbilisi-Batumi, 1995;
Zviad Gamsakhurdia’s death and burial, Tb., 1995;
Return of the Historic Memory of the Nation, Tb., 1998;
It Would be the Second Loss of Georgia, Tb., 1998;
History of Georgian Immigrant Journalism, vol. I, Tb., 2001; vol. II, 2001; vol. III, 2003; vol. IV, 2003; vol. V, 2004; vol. VI, 2005; vol. VII, 2005; vol. VIII, 2005;
Return of Historic Relics, Tb., 2001;
Akaki Tsereteli, Life. Activities. Creative work, vol. I, Tb., 2006;
Akaki Tsereteli’s journey in Racha-Lechkhumi in 1912, Tb., 2006;
Jubilee of Akaki Tsereteli, Tb., 2006;
Akaki Tsereteli’s death and burial, Tb., 2007.
Scientific-pedagogical sphere of activity of Guram Sharadze:
Old Georgian literary works and Rustvelology; new Georgian literary works, Georgian emigrant literature and journalism, cultural-literary relations (Georgian-Hungarian, Georgian-English, Georgian-French, Georgian-Russian) and pedagogical activity (professor of Tbilisi State University and Batumi State University, course of lectures, leading the postgraduate students, at about 10 doctor’s and candidate’s theses were prepared under his supervision). He was a member of many scientific councils.